What is a Marketer? How to Become a Professional Marketer

I. What is a Marketer?

A marketer is a professional who is responsible for performing marketing activities and carrying out marketing strategies for businesses. At its core, marketing involves understanding customers, analyzing market trends, developing products and services to meet customer needs, and promoting brands to attract and retain customers. 

A marketer's main role is to create value for customers and differentiate a company's products or services from competitors. They do this through market research to understand customer needs, managing brands, developing pricing strategies, and promoting products/services through various advertising and promotional campaigns.

What is a Marketer? How to Become a Professional Marketer

II. Key Responsibilities of a Marketer

  • Setting Goals and Plans

Marketers start each workday by defining goals and concrete plans for both short-term tasks and long-term marketing strategies. They set measurable goals that are aligned with the company's overall objectives. Marketers also develop comprehensive marketing plans that integrate different tactics like advertising, public relations, social media, etc. to achieve strategic business goals.

  • Competitive Research and Analysis

In a competitive business environment, marketers need to constantly research and analyze competitors. They study competitors' websites, marketing materials, product offerings, pricing strategies, and customer reviews to understand strengths and weaknesses. This allows marketers to differentiate their company's value proposition and outperform rivals.

  • Customer Research and Insight Development

Marketers identify target customer segments and collect quantitative and qualitative customer data through surveys, focus groups, and analytics. They analyze this data to gain valuable insights into customer needs, behaviors, and pain points. This helps marketers tailor products, services, messaging and the overall customer experience.

  • Brand Management and Communications

Marketers are responsible for managing a company's brand consistently across all touchpoints. This includes developing brand guidelines, voice, visual identity and positioning. They also create brand content and campaigns to build awareness, trust and preference for the brand amongst target audiences. 

  • Performance Tracking and Optimization

Marketers measure key performance metrics like sales, traffic, leads and loyalty. They analyze results to determine what is and isn't working. Marketers then make data-driven decisions to optimize strategies, allocate budgets efficiently and scale up high performing initiatives.

What is a Marketer? How to Become a Professional Marketer

III. Personal Qualities of a Successful Marketer

  • Adaptable and Flexible Mindset

The marketing field is always evolving with new technologies, trends and customer behaviors. Marketers need an open and flexible mindset to adapt quickly to changes.

  • Analytical and Data-Driven Approach

Marketers leverage data, analytics and metrics to solve business problems and make strategic decisions. Strong analytical and problem-solving abilities are essential.

  • Creativity and Innovation

Marketers constantly need to develop fresh and engaging ideas for campaigns, content, products and experiences. Creativity is key to standing out in today's cluttered marketplace. 

  • Strong Communication Skills

Marketers must communicate effectively with various internal and external stakeholders like executives, clients, agencies and journalists. Excellent written and verbal communication is a must.

  • Collaboration and Teamwork

Most marketing initiatives involve cross-functional collaboration. Marketers coordinate with other departments and agencies to ensure alignment and execution of strategies.

  • Multilingual Capabilities

For global/international brands, fluency in multiple languages allows marketers to communicate directly with diverse international audiences and expand into new markets.

  • Stress Management and Work Ethic

Marketing is a deadline-driven field involving long hours and pressure to constantly deliver results. Marketers need mental resilience, stamina and a strong work ethic.

What is a Marketer? How to Become a Professional Marketer

IV. Education and Skills Required

A bachelor's degree in marketing, communications, advertising or a related field is the minimum educational requirement for most entry-level marketing roles. However, many employers prefer candidates with a master's degree as well.

In terms of technical skills, marketers are expected to have proficiency in:

- Digital marketing platforms - Google Ads, social media management platforms, CRM systems etc. 

- Analytics tools - Google Analytics, SEMrush, Ahrefs etc.  

- Creative design tools - Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, Canva etc.

- Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint, Prezi etc.

- Microsoft Office suite

Other valuable skills include copywriting, web analytics, public relations, sales, project management, budgeting and negotiation. Hands-on experience through internships, projects or freelancing gives an added edge to academic qualifications. 

Marketers also need to stay updated with the latest industry trends, technologies and best practices. Continuing education helps professionals upskill themselves on an ongoing basis. Industry certifications like Google Ads certifications or HubSpot Inbound Marketing Certifications also boost one's credentials.

What is a Marketer? How to Become a Professional Marketer

V. Career Paths in Marketing

There are many avenues for career growth within the marketing field:

- Digital Marketer  

- Content Marketer

- Social Media Marketer

- PPC Marketer

- Email Marketer

- Brand Manager  

- Campaign Manager

- Product Marketer

- Marketing Communications Manager

- Marketing Analytics Manager

- Demand Generation Manager

- Public Relations Manager 

- Affiliate Marketing Manager

- Event Marketing Manager

With more experience, marketers can take on leadership roles like Director of Marketing, Chief Marketing Officer or Vice President of Marketing at larger organizations. Some marketing professionals also become independent consultants, agency owners or start their own marketing businesses.


1. What is the average salary of a marketer?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average annual salary of a marketer in the United States is $69,807 as of 2021. However, salaries vary greatly depending on factors like location, industry, level of experience, job role and company size. Entry-level marketers earn around $45,000 whereas experienced directors/VPs can command six figure salaries.

2. What soft skills do marketers need?

In addition to technical skills, marketers require strong soft skills like communication, creativity, collaboration, customer service, problem-solving, leadership, organizational abilities, and attention to detail. Interpersonal and networking skills are also vital to build internal and external relationships.

3. What kinds of companies hire marketers?

Marketers are employed across all major industries from technology and manufacturing to finance, healthcare, retail, real estate, non-profits and more. Some top companies that recruit marketers include Google, Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, IBM, Coca-Cola, Nike, Target, General Motors, Ford, Johnson & Johnson and many other recognizable brands. Startups and small businesses also need skilled marketers.

4. What is the future of the marketing field?

As digital transformation continues, marketing is expected to grow rapidly over the next 10 years. With increasing amounts of data and advanced analytics, marketing functions will become even more quantitative and targeted. Artificial intelligence, machine learning, augmented reality and other emerging technologies will also significantly reshape how brands connect with audiences. Optimizing omni-channel experiences across devices will be crucial for future marketers.


In summary, a marketer is a critical role that helps drive business goals, launch new products and services, reach target audiences, and boost sales through strategic marketing initiatives. With strong foundational knowledge, constant skill development and passion for the creative and analytical sides of marketing - one can have an impactful and rewarding career in this exciting and dynamic field. Marketing also offers opportunities to work both independently and as part of collaborative teams depending on preferences.

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